The Condition of Women in the art and culture industry in Korea
By Jihye You, Jiin Kim
These statistics about the condition of women artists in Korea are taken from 2 research papers in 2007 and 2010; Artists compared with total workforce, gender ratio of artists, percent of Korean Artists Who Are Female, age-specific employment by gender, and the average monthly income by gender.
If you see these statistics, you will find women artists in Korea need help, similar to the U.S, and understand their condition.
Artists Compared with Total Workforce
Gender Ratio of Artists
In Korea, Economically active population is 39,598,000. The total workforce is 23,749,700 and artists are 651,736.
Percent of Korean Artists Who Are Female
In the field of arts, the proportion of women in the arts is 42%. The highest percentage, 86%, of female artists is translators. (In Korea, translators are considered artists.) Fashion designers were second, followed by writers and authors. Only 9.2% of Architects and 12.7% photographers are women.
Age-specific Employment of Male Artists
Age-specific Employment of Female Artists
This graph shows the percentages if the total of male artists and female artists is 100 respectively. The proportion of female artists begins to decline significantly after 20s. On the other hand, male artists are widespread in 20s to 50s. It shows that it’s hard to survive in the workplace as a woman in Korea.
The Average Monthly Income for Male Artists
The Average Monthly Income for Female Artists
This graph shows the percentages if the total of male artists and female artists is 100 respectively. The average monthly income includes wage and extra income. Female artists are predominantly underpaid. The percentage of high-income women is very low. It shows that there is still a gender wage differentials in Korea.
The Average Monthly Income of Artists by Gender
Female artists, on average, earn 69% of what a male artist would earn for the same work. The difference in monthly income between men and women is 1165.5 dollars.
2010 Statistics of Artists in the workforce by Gender DB (2010성별문화인력통계DB), 2010, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Republic of Korea.
A basic study on jobs market analysis of the arts(예술분야 고용시장 분석 기초연구), 2007, Yang Geon Yeol & Korea Culture and Tourism Institute, Republic of Korea